No one is an island. People have friends, families, and loved ones with whom they enjoy sharing their spaces. Determining the difference between a tenant vs. occupant vs. guest, however, is important to most landlords. Landlords and property managers alike have to take care of their properties and that process gets easier when they know how to classify the parties that interact with their facilities.
Tenant vs. Occupant vs. Guest: The Differences
There are three categories of people that may interact with a landlord. These include:
To be classified as a tenant, the party in question must enter into a verbal or written agreement with their landlord. This agreement usually involves the payment of rent, but it can also include any other forms of payment that the involved parties deem to be mutually appropriate.
It’s worth noting that tenants do not have to agree to become tenants to be classified as such. Instead, if these parties take up space on rented land and engage in transactions to secure the space, in the eyes of the law, they are tenants and entitled to relevant tenant protections.
When you’re comparing a tenant vs. occupants, you’ll find that occupants reap financial benefits in exchange for fewer legal protections.
Put another way, occupants can live on rented property but cannot pay for it. These parties are most often children, but they can also include a person’s elderly parents, siblings, friends, or partners.
Because occupants do not enter into any legal relationship with a unit’s landlord, however, they are not entitled to the same protections as tenants.
Taking this tenant vs. occupant debate a step further, it is possible for an occupant to reside in a rented unit illegally. Legal occupants are often listed on their tenant’s leases or given verbal permission to occupy a rented space. Illegal occupants, comparatively, may outstay their lease or otherwise violate a tenant’s agreement by remaining with them beyond the agreed-upon time.
Stepping outside of the tenant vs. occupant dialogue, there is also the question of guests to consider.
There can be some conflation between a guest and an occupant. To be labeled as a guest, parties must not stay with an occupant for a long period of time.
At a minimum, guests must not move their belongings into a tenant’s rented unit. If a guest engages in this behavior, they can become an occupant — usually an illegal one, especially if they’re not listed on the tenant’s lease.
With that being said, guests can still face some landlord-related troubles even if they don’t remain with a tenant for an extended period of time.
Some landlords require their tenants to report visiting guests, especially those who may end up staying overnight. Landlords that want to uphold a certain level of security across their property may even fine tenants that invite guests to the property without advanced permission.
With that being said, guests are not usually held responsible for lease violations on rented properties. Instead, guests fall under the responsibility of the tenant, which means that the tenant is responsible for any damages related to a guest’s visit.
Can Someone Live With You Without Being on the Lease?
A tenant’s right to invite someone else to live with them varies, depending on the terms outlined in their lease. Most landlords require any tenant that wishes to have another person living in their home to list that person on their lease.
Take a look at your contract to see what kind of stipulations, if any, your landlord has regarding occupants and other guests. If your landlord hasn’t specified any occupant-related requirements, then you may feel free to proceed.
Do All Occupants Have to Be On Your Lease?
In most cases, all occupants living under a tenant’s roof need to be listed on that tenant’s lease. This lets landlords keep a more accurate record of the people that interact with their property.
Tenant vs. Occupant vs. Guests: Making it Work With Your Landlord
If you have any questions about how your landlord may view a tenant vs. occupants or guests, consult your lease. The sooner you work out the details, the easier your life will be.